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Often considered as the Father of the Italian language, Dante Alighieri is best known for his epic poem the Divine Comedy. Born in 1265 in Florence, Republic of Florence, which is present-day Italy, Dante was an eminent Italian poet, prose writer, political thinker, and philosopher.
The Alighieri family was involved in Florentine politics with loyalties towards the political alliance supporting Papacy. Dante was involved in the Guelph-Ghibelline conflict, and in the year 1289, he fought the Battle of Campaldino. He held numerous significant public offices at the time of political unrest but accomplished little as a politician. In the year 1302, Dante was exiled for life.
Dante travelled and wrote during his exile. The Divine Comedy was conceived during this period. Divided into three parts—Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso, it describes Dante’s journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. A pre-eminent work of Italian literature, this fourteenth-century classic helped establish the Tuscan language.
Some of Dante’s other works include Convivio (The Banquet), De Monarchia, Le Rime (The Rhymes), and De vulgari eloquentia (On Eloquence in the Vernacular).
Dante died on his way back to Ravenna in the year 1321, aged fifty-six.
Books by Dante Alighieri
“Thence we came forth to rebehold the stars.”
In the year 1300, on the night before Good Friday, ...